Early Years Math Education
Laying the Foundation to Think Like a Mathematician
We focus on the way young children learn to think like mathematicians. We are laying the foundation for a lifetime of learning in math, including:
Strong number sense
Deep understanding of the relationships between numbers
Knowing how to compose and decompose numbers
Recognizing multiple strategies and entry points
Developing flexibility with mathematical algebraic thinking and computation
The Corlears math program follows the constructivist approach and incorporates fact fluency rather than rote memorization of facts. Attaining fact fluency allows children to use facts that they know to recall facts they are still developing. The emphasis on developing mathematical thinking and deeper understanding of the math concepts inside the numbers allows children to become more flexible problem solvers, paving the way to higher level, algebraic thinking.
Faculty Expertise in Math Education
Our focus on faculty expertise in math education began in 2014, and has grown over the years. Supported by our full time Math Coach and partnering with outside training provided by Metamorphosis Learning and TERC, all classroom teachers at Corlears participate and learn from a significant amount of training in both math content and math teaching techniques. This training allows them to unlock the same level of creativity and differentiation to math that is applied in other areas of the classroom. This level of consistency and depth of training in math education reflects our ongoing commitment to math as a vital piece of the integrated learning that all students deserve.
We believe that to be successful, our students must be able to apply their understanding beyond the classroom, and develop problem solving skills that can be utilized throughout life.
Early Years math education Resources for parents
What’s Math Got to Do With It? by Jo Boaler
This is why it’s so hard to help with your kid’s math homework., Washington Post article by Jessica Lahey
Mixing in Math, resources from TERC to help mix math into everything.
Corlears Math Program Overview
Nursery + Preschool
The Corlears math program begins at the youngest ages, where we create active learning environments that are rooted in our understanding of age appropriate experiences and knowledge in child development.
We Do This By Providing Experiences That Are:
Rich in mathematical language
Encourage mathematical thinking through daily experience
Promote problem solving & critical thinking through exploration
Allow time to construct and reflect on their thinking around math concepts
As they move through the nursery year as 2s, children experience exploration, play and activities like sorting, labeling and categorizing that help them to organize their thinking and their world so they can begin the process of problem solving, and help them to solidify what they already know about numbers, colors and shapes. Materials and open-ended activities help to foster an innate interest in solving problems and encourage risk-taking!
As they tackle preschool, students engage in routines such as the daily attendance, days of school, snack menu and graphing surveys, that help them explore ways to gain information, make predictions, and understand relationships.
Kindergarten + Lower elementary
Kindergartners explore tools like the Rekenrek, 10 Frame and bead strings to focus on visualizing numbers are constructed through part-whole relationships.
Efficiency in counting is practiced through taking inventory and organizing data, offering realistic experiences in which keeping track, determining quantity, and recording are important. In this work, students are counting/unitizing as they use numbers to count not only objects but also groups. They are also challenged to keep track, and begin to understand the value of grouping objects, especially into groups of 5 or 10. Throughout the process and as they complete their work, communication is key, as kindergartners are challenged to record and communicate their mathematical thinking accurately through using symbols, numerals and labels.
In our 6/7s (first and second grade) children move through their two-year math sequence with a focus on developing an approach to problem solving. In the 6s, children begin to learn a variety of ways to problem solve such as counting all, counting on and counting back. In the 7s, they continue to build on strategies while working with larger numbers. They also learn the standard algorithm for addition and subtraction. By the end of the 7s, the children have developed a flexible approach of choosing strategies that match the numbers and operations they are working on. All of these strategies become part of their toolbox for problem solving moving forward.
Through this approach they are growing as problem solvers, while simultaneously continuing to develop fluency with their math facts and understanding how those facts become tools for problem solving and conceptual math thinking. This fluency helps children reason about the relationships between numbers, ultimately promoting the students’ accuracy and flexibility.
In our 8/9s (third and fourth grade), we use math models to demonstrate the multiple ways to conceptualize mathematical thinking and the many flexible entry points there are for problem solving.
During the 8s, children are working on concepts relating to multiplicative thinking, such as equal groups. Through the use of a variety of models, they unpack the relationship between factors and multiples. As this understanding is developing they also continue to build on multiplication math facts. While doing this work they continue to work on operations such as addition and subtraction with 3 and 4 digit numbers. In the 9s, children continue to build on multiplicative thinking with double digit multiplication and division. Their work focuses on using efficient strategies for solving these types of problems and building conjectures and generalizations related to these operations.
Other key mathematical ideas include:
Developing multiplicative thinking
Addition and subtraction of larger numbers
Models for multiplication
Models for multiplication and division
Division (4th grade)
Standard algorithm for multiplication and division (4th grade)
Fractions (end of 4th/5th grade)
In the 10s (fifth grade) students’ problem solving incorporates larger numbers and multi-step problem solving, with a focus on mathematical proofs. Being able to prove your thinking and computation is a goal toward higher level mathematics and moving into algebraic thinking. When asked how they solved the problem, or how they got the answer, saying, “I just know,” is not proof that they have used math to solve the problem.
The 10s work on moving away from solving specific math problems in isolation, to learning how to generalize their thinking, noticing patterns and attributes of numbers, and go beyond rote guessing and reliance on an algorithm. Through this work they learn to explain the “rule” and what is happening inside the math. Once they begin to readily interpret the underlying math concept and they establish mathematical thinking, this allows them to problem solve more efficiently, and prove their work by demonstrating and articulating each step they took to arrive at the answer.
Some other mathematical concepts focused on include:
Fluency with standard algorithm for Multiplication & division
Automaticity with Multiplication and Division Facts
Problem solving with multiple operations
Developing mathematical proofs
Operations with Fractions, Decimals, Percentages